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Microsoft Word crm-ptmt el Salvador 2009[final]. doc

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Regional Conference on Migration

 

 

45

Receiving employment offers from other countries 

Employment offers for Salvadorans and Hondurans are received by three organizations: 

consular offices abroad, Ministries of Labor, and IOM through its headquarters in Geneva. Consular 

offices and IOM headquarters contact potential hiring enterprises proactively and provide information 

about the profiles of available workers in both countries. In addition, comprehensive services are 

offered including recruiting, preparation, and assistance during the transfer of workers. As for the 

Ministries of Labor, sometimes offers are received directly from interested enterprises. 

Regardless of the channel through which an offer is made, the first step is to investigate the 

interested enterprise, sometimes with support from authorities in the country in question. The profile 

required by the enterprise is then analyzed to determine if it matches the existing profiles in applicant 

data bases in El Salvador and Honduras, and finally, agreements are signed when appropriate.  

Pre-selection and Final Selection 

Pre-selection of candidates to work abroad is carried out in collaboration with the Ministry of 

Labor and IOM. The required profile is published by the enterprise through written and audiovisual 

media in both countries. Curricula of applicants are received at the Ministry of Labor, where they are 

reviewed to determine if the person qualifies to apply or not, considering basic requirements such as 

education and work experience. Those applicants whose curricula comply with the basic requirements 

are then interviewed by officers from the Ministry of Labor and IOM. If the interview is successful, 

the person undergoes a medical and psychological examination, and the pre-selection process 

concludes with a home visit. The home visit is carried out jointly by representatives from the Ministry 

of Labor and IOM, with the aim of collecting more information about the socio-economic situation of 

the candidate and directly speaking with members of the family about the possibility of facing a 

prolonged separation.  

Once the pre-selection phase has been completed, the curriculum and results from medical 

examinations and the interview are mailed or sent via e-mail to the hiring enterprise. The hiring 

enterprise determines who are the candidates who will be convened for a final interview in the 

presence of one of their representatives. Final interviews usually consist of an interview and a series of 

tests about abilities and skills relating to the work to be performed in the receiving country. 

Documentation and Guidance 

Once the final interview process has been completed, selected candidates are convened by the 

Ministry of Labor to receive relevant explanations and sign employment contracts. After that, 

documents are collected and the required forms are completed to apply for a work visa. Once the 

documents have been sent to the consular office in the receiving country, the workers are prepared for 

the complementary medical examinations that are required for a visa application. Depending on the 

receiving country, the season, and the number of workers, the visa application process can take one to 

three months. During this time, workers participate in an intensive language course, a basic computer 

skills course, and additional training, depending on the work to be performed. For example, in the case 

of the meat industry, workers participate in a training course on how to handle knives.  

In the weeks prior to departure, workers and their spouses receive information about the 

receiving country, its culture, laws, geography, food, means of transportation, etc. In addition, 

information is provided about workers’ rights and duties in the country of destination, how to 

communicate with their families, and how to send remittances. Social activities for workers and their 

families are currently being planned as well, with the aim of strengthening family bonds and 

promoting communication within the family and between the families of migrant workers. In addition, 

efforts are being made to provide specialized care for girls and boys to explain the motive of the 

departure of one of their parents and thus, avoid the feeling of abandonment.  



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