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Microsoft Word crm-ptmt el Salvador 2009[final]. doc

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Regional Conference on Migration

 

 

51

C. Conclusions 

1.  The Salvadoran Program for Temporary Workers Abroad has become a viable and 

appropriate alternative to irregular migration processes. 

2.  La inclusion of various actors and organizations into the process has allowed 

institutionalizing the Program and its procedures. 

3.  El Salvador considers that it is appropriate to try to apply the structure of the Program for 

South-South employment opportunities. Consensus can be built – based on this workshop 

– within the RCM. 

4.  Based on this workshop we can exchange information about potentialities and open 

employment niches in each country. 

5.  With the above described information, national employment agencies can be developed 

with participation of governmental, private, and academic institutions, as well as IOM 

and NGOs interested in the subject, as transparent mechanisms to facilitate the migration 

of temporary workers. 

6.  A challenge for the countries of origin is to provide the same services to immigrants in 

our countries as those that we want our nationals to receive in other countries (of transit 

and destination). 

 

IMAGE 2 

 

3. Bilateral Arrangements on Temporary Migrant  

Workers Program: Mexico-Guatemala 

Blanca Urban 

Migration is a population phenomenon that has developed as a result of various global economic and 

socio-political contexts which have emerged through the years and that manifests itself through the 

movement of persons from one country to another. In this context, the objective of this presentation is 

to provide information about the current mechanism being applied in Mexico for an orderly and safe 

entry of temporary workers into the southern region of the country. 


Workshop on Temporary Migrant Workers Programs

 

 

52

Mexico shares a 956 km land border with Guatemala and a 193 km land border with Belize in 

the south. The Mexican states adjacent to these countries are Chiapas, Tabasco, Campeche, and 

Quintana Roo. Daily local border crossings in this region account for 85% of the entire movement at 

the Southern border (including documented and undocumented crossings). Most of the crossings are 

of a local nature, with people coming from Guatemala and Belize.  

The complexity of this region has been characterized by: informal trade, entry of local visitors 

(Guatemala and Belize), tourists, other visitors, and the presence of temporary workers. 

This complexity has led the National Migration Institute (INM) to develop various plans and 

actions, which are basically oriented toward the following: 

•  To create groups for the protection of migrants 

•  To improve and expand migration stations 

•  To establish agreements with Central American countries for an orderly and safe return 

of migrants  

•  To increase mechanisms to control undocumented migration 

•  To improve documentation of agricultural workers and local visitors through more 

modern mechanisms. 

Regarding the last item, the following mechanisms have been established initially: 

•  In 1997, an Agricultural Visitor Migration Form (FMVA), meant to document Guatemalan 

agricultural workers, was elaborated. This document could be obtained at 4 points of entry 

in the State of Chiapas (C. Hidalgo, Talisman, Union Juarez, and Ciudad Cuauhtemoc). 

•  The Local Visitor Migration Form (FMVL) which allowed the holder to enter national 

territory to visit border towns for up to 3 days. In 2000, it was legalized for Belizeans 

entering the country by crossing the “Subteniente Lopez” Bridge in the State of Quintana 

Roo, although its use in Chiapas dates from before. 

•  At the same time, a local pass was also used, document issued by the Guatemalan 

Migration Office to its nationals, accrediting them as such, and accepted by the Mexican 

Migration Office for short visits (up to 72 hours) to the border area in Mexico. 

Later on, the Center of Migration Studies of INM carried out a general diagnosis of temporary 

worker flows in the Southern region of Mexico (“DIAGNOSTICO GENERAL DE FLUJOS DE 

TRABAJADORES TEMPORALES EN LA REGIÓN SUR DE MEXICO”) which allowed for the 

identification of trends of the phenomenon of temporary worker’s migration in the region. Three 

mains situations were identified: 

1.  Documented flows – with a FMVA –carrying out authorized activities. 

2.  Documented flows – with a FMVL or a local pass –entering the country to work without 

authorization. 

3.  Undocumented flows entering the country to work. 

Based on the conclusions reached through the Diagnosis, the Migration Policy for the 

Southern Border was reformulated, establishing four strategic lines of action: 

•  Facilitating the issuance of documents 

•  Protecting rights 

•  Border security 

•  Updating  



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