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Microsoft Word crm-ptmt el Salvador 2009[final]. doc

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Regional Conference on Migration

 

 

63

While migration for employment has allowed hundreds of thousands of Filipino families to 

advance materially, how does the country measure the costs of it? Family separation, absence of 

parental guidance and care, and costs of reintegration are real issues that present themselves as 

downsides of migration that also need to be managed. 

Despite the fact that the government considers migrant workers as a showcase of the 

Philippines’ global competitiveness, leading industrialists in the Philippines have advocated the need for 

labor migration to be integrated into the country’s program for economic modernization and global 

competitiveness. As a strategy for social-economic development, migrant workers are considered agents 

of development for themselves, their families and their country. Migration for employment is meant to 

enable them to improve their status and quality of life for themselves and their families and become 

better citizens of our country. It has also provided them enough earning potential that the government is 

predisposed to encourage them to invest strategically in small and medium enterprises (SME), empower 

them professionally and enable them to acquire new information, skills and technology. 

In pursuit of this strategy, the government seeks to equip our OFWs with new and better skills 

and make heavy investments in OFWs support system, particularly in skills training. This will ensure 

that workers are competitive with their foreign counterparts in terms and knowledge, skills and 

language proficiency and more importantly with ethics and values. The government is also involved in 

multilateral negotiations like the General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS) to work towards 

the liberalization of trade in services under Mode 4 or the “Movement of National Persons” to include 

mobility of skilled and less skilled workers through mutual recognition schemes and easing up of 

licensing and qualification system for professionals. 

The concept of circular migration augurs well with the policy of our country to encourage 

OFWs to work for a definite period, save and invest earnings, and plan for a well-deserved 

reintegration in the future.  

Session III. International Organizations, Private Sector,  

and Civil Society Perspectives on the Experiences  

of Temporary Migrant Workers Programs 

1. Migration and Development Program (MIDE) developed within  

the framework of the Organization of American States (OAS) 

Araceli Azuara 

Migration is not a recent phenomenon; it has been a constant throughout the history of nations. The 

continuous movement of persons has been – and still is – a determining factor in exchanging ideas, 

traditions, and customs, progress in technology, and artistic expressions. However, today migration is 

characterized by its variety of causes, multiple effects, and the complexity of relations being generated 

around migration, in addition to the magnitude that the phenomenon of migration has reached in 

absolute terms. 

Given the importance of migration in the hemisphere, this topic was included in the agenda of 

OAS several decades ago. In the 70s, as a result of a mandate of the Inter-American Conference of 

Ministers of Labor (IACML) OAS initiated implementation of the first labor migration program 

addressing economic and social aspects and developed a cooperation agreement for training on labor 

migration, together with the International Organization for Migration (IOM). 

In 1997, in response to a specific request of the General Assembly of the Organization of 

American States, the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR) established a Special 

Rapporteur on the Rights of Migrant Workers and Members of their Families. IACHR confined the 



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