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Microsoft Word crm-ptmt el Salvador 2009[final]. doc

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Workshop on Temporary Migrant Workers Programs

 

 

74

Agreements and Temporary Worker Migration Programs as part of its agenda. Various management 

experiences related to the topic in question were analyzed during the Meeting, together with political 

and academic discussions and the vision of international organizations – particularly ILO and IOM – 

and civil society.  

Conclusions from the Meeting were compiled in a document published by SEGIB11 and used 

as input for the XVI Summit of Heads of State and Government held in Montevideo in 2006, with 

Migration and Development as its central theme. 

Following the path established in Salamanca, the topics from the Montevideo Commitment 

on Migration and Development which need to be jointly addressed by countries of the Ibero-American 

community were identified. One of them is temporary labor migration, considered from a perspective 

of potentiating human capital and the agreements and programs relating to this matter, as instruments 

for the protection of human rights of migrant workers.  

The Montevideo Commitment recognizes four positive characteristics of temporary labor 

migration: It improves the skills of migrants, benefits countries of destination, contributes to the 

development of countries of origin, and allows counteracting illegal practices which affect migrant 

workers. In the operative part of the Commitment (Point 25.v) Heads of State and Government 

prioritized various forms of temporary labor migration, within the framework of programs and 

agreements among Ibero-American countries. Ensuring compliance with international treaties and 

norms is considered a condition for implementing the Commitment. 

The First Meeting of the Ibero-American Forum on Migration and Development, FIBEMYD, 

convened by SEGIB in Cuenca, Ecuador, on April 2008, with cooperation from ECLAC/CELADE 

and IOM, in accordance with resolutions made by Heads of State and Government at the XVI 

Summit, addressed the topic of temporary labor migration as well. In accordance with the Forum 

objectives, best practices relating to temporary labor programs – that could be replicated in Ibero-

America – were identified and shared. Experiences from Ecuador, Mexico, Spain, Peru, and IOM 

Guatemala were analyzed, highlighting the primary characteristics, strengths, and key elements of 

these programs, as well as common and differing aspects, and obstacles and questions relating to the 

programs. The experiences showed that there is not just one only model for temporary labor 

migration, and that policies and best practices relating to this sphere still need to be reflected upon. 

Conclusions from the FIBEMYD, compiled in a SEGIB publication12 as well, include 

valuable references for the countries in the region and can be used as input for discussions at this 

Workshop. Key conclusions relating to the topic are transcribed below: 

 

BOX 1 

KEY CONCLUSIONS OF THE FIBEMYD RELATING TO TEMPORARY LABOR MIGRATION 

(a)  To urge countries of the Ibero-American community to promptly ratify and implement the Ibero-

American Convention on Social Security. 

(b)  Temporary migrant worker programs are a potentially beneficial instrument for the development of 

countries of origin and destination and allow counteracting illegal practices which affect migrant workers, 

tending toward the protection of the rights of migrant workers. 

(c)  Temporary migrant worker programs should be instruments that allow improving the skills of migrant 

workers to ensure a real impact and to benefit communities and countries of origin and, in addition, to 

contribute to the social and occupational mobility of workers upon their return. 

                                                        

11

  

SEGIB,  Unidos por las migraciones (United by Migration), Ibero-American Meeting on Migration and 

Development, Madrid 2006.

 

12

   SEGIB, I Foro Iberoamericano sobre Migración y Desarrollo –Unidos por las Migraciones, Cuenca, Ecuador, 2008. 



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