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Microsoft Word crm-ptmt el Salvador 2009[final]. doc

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Workshop on Temporary Migrant Workers Programs

 

 

4

Session III. International Organizations, Private Sector, and Civil Society  

Perspectives on the Experiences of Temporary Migrant Workers Programs........................ 63 

 

1. 

Migration and Development Program (MIDE) developed within the framework  

of the Organization of American States (OAS), Araceli Azuara..................................... 63 

 

2. 

Ibero-American Multilateral Agreement on Social Security, Francis  

Zúñiga González ............................................................................................................ 67 

 

3. 

Temporary Work Migration in the Context of the Ibero-American Conference,  

Roberto Kozak................................................................................................................ 71 

 

4. 

Perspective on the Mobility of the Latin American Talent, Marco Penado .................... 76 

 

5. 

Possibilities and Limitations of Temporary Migrant Worker Programs (TMWP): 

Contributions to Civil Society Discussions, Gustavo Gatica .......................................... 79 

 

 


Regional Conference on Migration

 

 

5

Prologue 

Jorge Peraza Breedy, Coordinator of the  

Technical Secretariat of the RCM 

The last two decades have witnessed a growing demand for foreign workers, particularly temporary 

ones. Labor market demands have been satisfied, at least partially, by foreign workers, many of which 

have an irregular migration status, with subsequent challenges for States and migrants themselves. 

This has increased the pressure to facilitate or improve the legal means to channel temporary 

migration as a short term, but safe, alternative, addressing the labor and development needs of the 

receiving countries.  

Labor migration regulation is not, by any means, an easy task, and very few countries have 

developed a system to deal with their particular labor needs with foreign workers. The existing 

approaches vary a lot, although many of them have great similarities, and all could provide lessons 

learned and best practices. The employment agencies, local and regional governments, the private 

sector, NGOs, and international organizations have all involved themselves in various forms, 

supported by legal means, so as to attract foreign workers with different levels of qualifications and 

skills. Unfortunately, there are also many unscrupulous intermediaries that jeopardize the integrity of 

migration, State processes, and the foreign workers themselves. 

In the region comprised by the members of the Regional Conference on Migration (RCM or 

Puebla Process), there are many mechanisms available, formal and informal, to recruit foreign persons 

and satisfy the increasing demand for hard labor, both in a South-North as well as in a South-South 

direction. There are Guatemalan temporary workers in Mexico, Honduran and Nicaraguans in El 

Salvador and Costa Rica, Mexican workers in the United States, and other examples going from 

Panama to the Dominican Republic and Canada. Taking these realities into account, it is reasonable 

that within the framework of the RCM a line of work be established to allow member countries to 

deeply analyze programs and initiatives concerning temporary migrant workers and the possible 

measures, bilateral or multilateral, that may serve to face the challenges that arise from these flows.  

This document is precisely a compilation of all the presentations given during the Workshop 

on Temporary Migrant Workers Programs, that took place in San Salvador, El Salvador, April 23-24, 

2009. This activity was a response to the initiative agreed upon during the XIII Regional Conference 

on Migration (CRM) that was held in Tela, Honduras on May 8-9, 2008, in which the Vice ministers 

of the member countries approved “holding a workshop on temporary migrant worker programs, 



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