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Microsoft Word crm-ptmt el Salvador 2009[final]. doc

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Regional Conference on Migration

 

 

11

financial instruments is currently being promoted, regulations and borders tend to be more restrictive 

regarding the movement of persons for labor purposes.  

In this regard, it is important to highlight that the 2006 Report of the United Nations 

Secretary-General on International Migration and Development underscores that the free movement of 

workers between countries helps increase income at a global level and that, at the same time, income 

distribution becomes more equitable. 

More recently, in his opening address at the II Global Forum on Migration and Development 

held in Manila in October 2008, Ban Ki-moon said that “governments should view human mobility as 

a tool to help overcome the crisis, as an instrument for economic development". 

This reality also becomes apparent through the fact that migrants complement workers who 

are nationals of receiving countries, thus improving the performance of the global economy and with a 

positive impact on the territorial development of migrant enclaves in countries of destination.  

On the other hand, the impact of various financial flows associated to migration in the 

countries of origin of migrant workers – especially remittance flows – has been widely discussed and 

agreed upon among RCM member countries. However, regardless of how significant the amounts of 

remittances may be, they represent the top of a pyramid with a much larger set of financial movements 

in goods and services at its base. This shows that labor migration has an economic and social impact 

that can be articulated to promote national and local development processes. 

In the particular case of El Salvador, we are well aware of the economic, social, cultural, and 

development impact of labor migration in El Salvador as a country of origin and a receiving country 

of migrant workers. 

Taking Salvadoran citizens abroad into account, the Salvadoran Government promotes – 

through the Ministry of Labor and Social Welfare and the Vice-Ministry for Salvadorans Abroad – 

various policies to potentiate development in El Salvador and in migrant worker communities. 

An effort in this regard is our Program for Temporary Workers Abroad, aimed at offering an 

orderly and safe migration option to Salvadoran workers and ensuring a transparent process from the 

beginning – from the selection of candidates to workers being hired. This allows selecting the most 

qualified individuals as candidates for positions in the hiring enterprises with working conditions that 

are equal to those of the workers in the receiving country.  

A successful example of this approach is the joint program of El Salvador and Canada that was 

established in 2002. To date, 942 Salvadorans have been hired in Canada. While the meat industry 

continues to be the sector with the highest number of hired workers – 95% of the total number – workers 

have also been hired by other enterprises, such as hotels, restaurants, coffee shops, etc.  

It should be stressed that according to information provided by Canadian enterprises, 

Salvadoran labor is very much appreciated since Salvadorans are 35% more productive than the 

average foreign worker. Considering the good performance of Salvadoran workers, more than 80% of 

them have been offered to initiate the process of requesting residence status and family reunification 

under the auspices of the hiring enterprises. This increases the number of Salvadorans included in the 

program to more than 1,500. 

Due to the growth of the program, cooperation from the International Organization for 

Migration (IOM) was sought in 2006 as a strategic partner to strengthen the management of the Program 

for Temporary Workers Abroad. Collaboration was formalized through an agreement between the 

Ministry of Labor and Social Welfare, IOM, and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, signed in April 2006. 

Through this instrument, the process of selecting and preparing the contingents of workers was unified 

and 100 positions were opened for workers in Canada for the period of 2008-2009. 

In 2007, the program expanded to include Spain, with a pilot program of 19 workers in the 

nursing sector and the pyrotechnic industry. 



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