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Microsoft Word crm-ptmt el Salvador 2009[final]. doc

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Workshop on Temporary Migrant Workers Programs

 

 

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represents a 10.5% increase compared with 2007, with the most affected sectors being construction, 

financial services, commerce, manufacture, and tourism.  

Actions to reduce migration to countries of destination are usually based on the erroneous 

perception that “migrants take away jobs” or “compete for social security benefits", when the 

reality is that the majority of migrants stimulate economic activity and the creation of 

employment opportunities. 

As shown by IOM’s World Migration Report 2008, human mobility makes economies more 

dynamic and efficient. In addition, migration can be a positive force to alleviate certain effects of the 

economic crisis and overcome the economic lethargy. 

The World Bank reports a reduction in the flow of remittances in several countries of origin 

of temporary migrant workers from developing countries, as a result of the global economic crisis. 

Countries include Bangladesh, Philippines, Morocco, Mexico, and Sri Lanka. Furthermore, it has been 

observed that in 2008, 71% of the Hispanic migrants in the US had sent less remittances home than in 

previous years. 

Despite the repercussions of the global economic crisis, some "niches" of the labor market exist 

that are still open to migrant workers. Canada, specifically, received 519,722 immigrants in 2008, 

143,000 (27%) of whom were temporary migrant workers. In addition, this country will maintain the 

permanent and temporary migration programs in 2009. Japan, Denmark, and some countries of the 

European Union also continue receiving migrant workers, especially highly qualified workers.  

IOM is of the opinion that flexible, coherent, and comprehensive migration policies and 

practices are indispensible, as is strengthening international cooperation in order to maximize the 

benefits of migration, protect migrants, and appropriately consider their needs in implementing actions 

to address the current economic crisis. 

C. Temporary Labor Migration: Basic Concepts 

Temporary labor migration is a topic of great interest at a national and international level, since 

these approaches are considered to enhance the positive impact of labor migration on development and 

provide the highest possible convergence of interests from different parties, particularly those of 

countries of origin and destination and migrants themselves. Given that this topic will be addressed in 

the next few days, it is important to agree on the terminology that will be used within the context of this 

workshop, so that all participants can have a common understanding and language. 

I would like to share the following three concepts with you: 

1.  Temporary Labor Migration: Understood as the movement of foreign workers for a 

limited period of time, with the clear objective of returning to their countries of origin 

upon completion of the agreed period of time.  

2.  Temporary Migrant Worker: Every foreign worker with a work permit for an 

established period of time, regardless of the time he/she has been staying in the country 

of destination. 

3.  Temporary Migrant Worker Program: A series of actions that have been agreed on 

between the country of origin and the country of destination, aimed at facilitating 

orderly labor migration flows (regulated migration), where the number of workers, 

duration of the contract, category, remuneration, working conditions, and mechanisms 

for the return to the country of origin have previously been established

Some advantages of temporary migrant worker programs are flexibility and a greater public 

acceptance in the receiving countries, and also an increase in remittances and transfer of new skills to 

the countries of origin. In addition, the following can be mentioned: establishing commercial and 



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