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Microsoft Word crm-ptmt el Salvador 2009[final]. doc

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Regional Conference on Migration

 

 

25

entrepreneurial networks between countries of origin and destination, and opportunities for the 

personal and professional development of migrants. 

D. A Comprehensive Approach to Temporary Labor Migration 

As mentioned before, temporary labor migration is an inter-sectoral and multi-disciplinary sphere with 

numerous direct and indirect actors and which is linked to various processes and areas. A concerted 

effort and broad methods addressing all stages of the migration process are required for the 

management of temporal labor migration to be effective and generate maximum benefits for all 

involved parties (“win-win”). In addition, related economic, social, political, human rights, gender 

equality, development, and security aspects need to be considered. 

In summary, it is of utmost importance that countries of origin and destination of migrant 

workers adopt a comprehensive approach regarding temporary labor migration, including State policy 

and programs to ensure the following: 

1.  Protection and wellbeing of national and foreign workers, with equal conditions 

2.  Data collection, analysis, and management for decision-making and to inform public opinion 

3.  Adequate institutional capacity, effective inter-governmental coordination, and 

consistency with the respective National Development Plan 

4.  Dialogue with social actors (employers, workers, civil society, academia) 

5.  Active cooperation between countries of origin and destination (bilateral, regional, global) 

6.  Transparency and effectiveness in recruiting temporary migrant workers 

7.  Incentives for the return and reintegration in countries of origin 

8.  Optimizing the benefits of temporary migrant worker programs for all involved parties 

(migration and development, remittances) 

In planning temporary labor migration strategies, countries of origin should consider that 

the countries of destination are the ones to decide what type of labor migration they want and, 

therefore, they are the ones to make policies relating to the requirements and conditions for each 

type of migration. These policies have a direct impact on the conditions governing the selection and 

hiring of migrant workers. 

E. The Temporary Labor Migration Cycle 

The diagram below shows the primary stages that temporary labor migration programs should ideally 

move through. It should be noted that the eight stages, beginning with migration policy-making and 

ending with return and reintegration, involve countries of origin and destination – from a different 

perspective, of course, but with a spirit of dialogue and bilateral or multilateral cooperation. 

The three cross-cutting themes that should always be present in every temporary labor 

migration process and program should be highlighted: 1) Protection of the human and labor rights of 

migrant workers, 2) A Gender Approach to ensure equal opportunities and working conditions for 

women, considering their special gender conditions, and 3) Monitoring throughout all stages to 

ensure that the process culminates with the voluntary return of temporary workers. 

 



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